Virtual Academic Showcase 2020

Posters

Posters

Fueling Performance Using Nutrition (FPU Nutrition): A Pilot Workshop 
Poster Presentation

Victoria Vargas
 

Female athletes usually do not meet daily recommended dietary intakes for macronutrients, micronutrients, and energy associated with their high intensity training regimens.  Division II college athletes must adequately fuel their bodies, especially female athletes who are more susceptible to deficiencies associated with nutrition (Rosenbloom 2008; Valliant et al. 2012). However, these athletes are not educated on general sports nutrition guidelines and do not have resources provided by their university athletic departments to ensure proper food intake according to their level of exercise. Nutrition education interventions targeted specifically to the needs of the athletes have been shown to be effective at educating a large cohort of athletes at once (Rossi et al. 2017). The purpose of this study was to improve nutrition knowledge and food behavior for Division II female athletes using a nutrition intervention model involving both a faculty sponsor and peer-educators that included three phases: a pre-workshop phase, the nutrition workshop, and a post-workshop phase. The phases of this model measured for nutrition knowledge using a validated sports nutrition knowledge questionnaire and food behavior using a research-grade dietary recall assessment program.

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Climate Change Action: Bringing Solar to Franklin Pierce University
Poster Presentation

Alyssa Lewis and Hannah Cuzner
 
 

Global climate change will continue to be an issue unless there are preventative measures and restrictions to reduce emission levels. According to Doug Lear, Franklin Pierce University uses 5,000,000 AC/kwh  of electricity a year, which calculates to $500,000 per year spent for electric costs.

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Granting Water the Same Legal Rights as People 
Poster Presentation

Helen Curley-Swannie
 

Female Today water is being polluted at an alarming rate, leading to unsafe drinking water. One-way people have decided to try and combat the issue is to give the water legal rights. Giving the water legal rights means that ithas the same rights as a person. This lets water sue the companies that pollute it in a court of law. For the lakes and rivers that have been granted human rights, there has been a major decrease in pollution and the water has become healthy again.

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Sound Healing Practices in Ancient Greece
Poster Presentation

Ameryca Freeman
 

Learn about the practices of sound healing in ancient Greece and how sound today is incorporated into everyday lives. Ancient Greece has two aspects of music which are therapeutic and catharsis. Both play a specific role in healing. Other countries would also use sound and music as a form of healing. The musical instruments that ancient Greece used may be slightly recognizable to us because it has changed throughout history. Learn about the first culture discovered to heal with sound and the tool they used 40,000 years ago and continue to use today. To understand why ancient Greece used those sound healing practices we have to examine their religious beliefs. Those beliefs is what contributed to the norms of the society. Sound healing practices of today may go unnoticed but many people use music and sound as a way to release anger, soothe their mind and relax. Music can be seen as another form of medicine.

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Maple Syrup: A Sustainable Pre-Workout Energy Source for Female Collegiate Soccer Players

Steven Finnell and Tori  Vargas

Energy intake for collegiate athletes is crucial to optimal performance. Previous research has shown that exogenous sources of carbohydrates can increase cardiorespiratory performance when ingested prior to exercise and are widely used by anaerobic and oxidative pathways during exercise making it a versatile fuel source for energy. Using a moderate to low glycemic index carbohydrate is optimal for pre-exercise supplementation where maple syrup has a lower glycemic index compared to pure glucose. Franklin Pierce University produces its own maple syrup from trees found on its campus that can be utilized by university athletes as a locally sourced product that provides sustainable energy. This study examined the effects of acute carbohydrate supplementation on peak oxygen uptake and peak speed of athletes performing in a glycogen depleted state (GD) verses a rested state (R). Athletes completed a maximal exercise test on a treadmill on two separate occasions. Fifteen minutes prior to exercise, athletes consumed 25g of a maple syrup drink or 25g of a placebo drink. Results showed no significant different between peak oxygen uptake and peak speed between GD and R conditions. Acute supplementation does not seem to have any effect on an athlete’s ability to process and utilize oxygen in a glycogen depleted state in comparison to a rested state. Additionally, acute supplementation does not have an effect on performance when examined using peak speed. 

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Knowledge of Ethical Issues in the Psychopharmaceutical Industry

Dr. Brandi Klein et al

There are many ethical issues in the pharmaceutical industry at large, and this study examines knowledge of these issues as they relate to psychopharmacology (the use of prescription drugs to treat psychiatric disorders). Specifically, this study asks the question of whether there is a difference in knowledge of ethical issues depending on whether or not participants are taking psychopharmaceutical medication themselves, and whether or not participants have taken a course on Psychopharmacology. It is hypothesized that those who are taking psychopharmaceutical medication will have more knowledge of ethical issues in the psychopharmaceutical industry compared to those who do not take psychopharmaceutical medication. Similarly, it is hypothesized that those who have taken an Introduction to Psychopharmacology class will have more knowledge of ethical issues in the psychopharmaceutical industry compared to those who have not taken this class. To test this, a questionnaire was created that includes scenarios and sentences describing ethical or unethical situations that could occur in the psychopharmaceutical industry, and participants have to identify these situations as either ethical or unethical. The survey also contains examples of advertisements for psychopharmaceutical medication that participants also have to identify as ethical or unethical. Data collection is in progress. 

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Fueling Performance Using Nutrition (FPU Nutrition): A Pilot Workshop with Women’s Crew at Franklin Pierce University

Marissa Farago and Kayla Thompson 

Nutrition plays a key role in the performance of collegiate female athletes. Although it is recognized that athletic performance is enhanced by optimal nutrition, nutrition related knowledge deficits and dietary inadequacies continue to persist among many college athletes. Female college athletes are not reaching their dietary reference intakes (DRIs). The purpose of this study was to make observations and assess the FPU women’s crew team nutritional intake and compared it to the DRI of females between the ages of 19 and 30. On average the female athletes did not meet some of their DRI’s such as; Fiber, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Biotin and overall calories, and did not improve intakes after a nutrition talk. Offering one on one nutrition counseling in addition may be effective to improve athlete’s dietary intake. In addition, the athletes may need to attend multiple nutrition talks before seeing improvements.

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Bioinformatics of the Bacteriophage Mariokart 
Poster Presentation

Colton White
 

Bacteriophage genome: Mariokart was analyzed. The programs: Gene Mark, Glimmer, Starterator, HH-Pred, and Phamorator were used to annotate the size of the genetic sequences of the phage. In addition to the previous bioinformatic programs, other bacteriophages, sequenced by students at Pittsburg University were referenced for consistency and potential corresponding relationships. Only one Franklin Pierce group tackled the bioinformatic related tasks of sequencing this genome. 83 genes were found in the genome and analyzed. In order to confirm the function of a protein data had to be compared between the programs recently stated. Frequently the programs did not confer with one another resulting in difficult determination of the correct protein function. Furthermore if there is no data giving information on the function of the protein NKF (No Known Function) was concluded. Many positively functioning genes were encountered while analyzing the Mariokart genome. Ultimately, many of the genes were sequenced with a handful resulting in NKF. 

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What are the Effects of Online Substance Use Disorder Education on Nurses' Knowledge, Confidence, and Attitude Toward Patients with Substance Use Disorder

Joyce O'Reilly, EdD, MSN, MPA, RN
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The Effects of White-Collar Crime: The Case of Michael Milken
Poster Presentation


Gregory Wadsworth
 

Artistic The Junk Bond King; Michael Milken is likely the most famous white-collar criminal. White-collar crime is a broad topic the encompasses a wide variety of careers and crimes. White-collar crime is an ambiguous concept that is hard to put an exact definition on. Due to white-collar crime being a vague and ambiguous concept, it is easier to understand the concept by examining a singular case. Michael Milken was an incredibly intelligent American financier who stole over $600 million through illegal practices like insider trading. By examining Michael Milken and his life, we can better understand the many aspects of white-collar crime. We can examine the victims of Milken to understand the far reaching effects of white-collar crime, we can examine Milken's early life to understand what systems contribute to the development of white-collar criminals, and we can examine where Milken is now to understand what inevitably happens to white-collar criminals.
 

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Physical therapists: Responsible for more than rehabilitation 
Poster Presentation

Bethany Ladd
 

Physical therapists work with a wide diversity of patients. However, one subgroup that is not often discussed or acknowledged is the increasing amputee population being seen in physical therapy facilities. Some major reasons for this growing subgroup of amputation individuals include diabetes, accidents, birth defects and results of war. Although the essential rehabilitation duties of a physical therapist to restore motion and strengthen bodily areas is consistent with all patients, there is however a lot more added responsibility with the amputee patient. Amputee patients face multiple follow-up problems that physical therapists should be able to identify. The risk of blood disease, infection, depression and nerve damage are all increased when a limb is amputated. How can physical therapists identify these potentially harmful outcomes? This study will review how the circulatory and nervous systems work, as well as how physical therapists can use this information to identify both physical and mental signs that may avoid harmful outcomes to their amputee patients.

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Observation of Water Amount and Air Pollution Over two Polluted Urban Cities in India
Poster Presentation

Andre Wright
 

This study focuses on water vapor and interaction of solar radiation with particulate matter over the two Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) sites Kanpur and New Delhi of India, which are both located in urban areas possessing strong industrial activities. AERONET is a federation of ground based remote sensing aerosol networks cooperatively established by National Aeronautics and the Space Administration. AERONET is supported by many research partners including universities, individual scientists, and international agencies.  The monthly variability of attenuation for solar radiation by aerosol particles and water vapor level over the atmosphere of these two sites were analyzed for three years from 2016-2018. It was found that water vapor was excessively increasing from April, reaching a maximum in July, and then degrading each year showing a strong monthly trend of aerosol loading and water level amount over the atmosphere. Air pollution loading, mainly particulate matters, over the atmosphere of Kanpur and New Delhi are high during pre-monsoon and post monsoon seasons as indicated by aerosol optical depth. During the summer seasons the aerosol optical depth will be affected by rainfall as the precipitation washes away the air pollution in the atmosphere above the urban areas..

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Monthly Variability of Coastal Air Quality and Climate
Poster Presentation

Chloe Vieira
 

This study is being conducted to present an approach for analyzing water quantity and Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) over the atmosphere of two Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) sites Key Biscayne, Miami FL, and Tudor Hill, Bermuda. These two sites are located on the coast and are important to understand the overall impact of human induced pollution on the ocean due to the uneven development of socio-economic and global climatic impact. This study analyzed monthly averaged water quantity and AOD observed by a sun photometer at different wavelengths radiation from AERONET sites for the years 2016 to 2018. This data will allow the study to investigate the air-pollution patterns of the atmosphere over the coastal sites. The variation of water contents observed over these sites showed a seasonal pattern, however, AOD levels were not affected as water quantity over the atmosphere. The study will expand coverage for a better understanding of the impact of human-related air pollution and water amount in the atmosphere associated with coastal air quality and climate.

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How Does Vaping Affect Respiratory Health In Athletes
Poster Presentation


Jenna Cimbron
 

Cigarette smoking has been popular among all demographics for many years and evidence that demonstrated the harmful long-term effects of smoking was not publicly known until the mid-1900s. In current times, vaping has been marketed as a better alternative to cigarette smoking. However, is vaping a safer option? As recent cases report on teenagers and young adults being hospitalized and even dying, this public issue is becoming hard to ignore. As a student athlete on campus and seeing the prevalence of vaping, this study will investigate how vaping could lead to a depletion in respiratory health among athletes, as well as how overall athletic and workout performance are affected.

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Does the use of hydrotherapy hasten the recovery process of Anterior Crucial Ligament tears compared to other dry land therapy techniques?
Poster Presentation

Marissa Gordon
 

The research that has been conducted regarding the effectiveness of various anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear recovery techniques such as hydrotherapy, have been used for many years. An ACL tear is a sprain in the ligament of the knee after being hyperextended or stretched beyond its capacity. The injury persists to varying degrees and the recovery process can take between four and twelve months. Hydrotherapy can be another approach other than land based physical therapy to promote proper healing. Hydrotherapy is also known as aquatherapy, pool therapy and water therapy. Hydrotherapy is the use of water being used to heal someone whether it be in different water temperatures or structures such as a pool. Studies have been done regarding hydrotherapy being used to treat ACL tears and show the recovery process being done faster than just doing land therapy. A review of primary literature sources was used to investigate physical therapy techniques within the past ten years. Based on the evidence, more therapists should incorporate the use of both hydrotherapy and ground based techniques into their practices to ensure the most efficient healing process in patients.

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How does hip mobility play a role in ACL tear and recovery?
Poster Presentation

Madisyn Van Horn
 

Anterior Cruciate Ligament injuries are one of the most common injuries seen in sports with significant change of direction and cutting motions. It has been found that the strength of many connecting muscles plays a significant role in not only the initial injury, but also the rate of recovery. The stronger hip and hamstring muscles are, the lower the risk of injury. Studies have also shown post-surgery rehab results are improved, as increased strength within these connecting muscles have shown faster recovery times. The hips' mobility and strength can increase or decrease an athlete's risk depending on their ability and strength performing certain motions.

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Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in the New Hampshire Fire Service Utilizing a Nutrition Education Intervention Program
Poster Presentation

Esther Bertolami
 

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has affect the United States since the early 1900's, and has been the leading cause of death since 1910; over a century. Cardiovascular disease and related deaths is the number 1 most preventable disease affecting the human population. As CVD is the leading cause of death nationwide, it is also the leading cause of line of duty deaths (LODD) in the fire service since they have been tracked since 1977. There are limited health and wellness programs targeted to the fire service population, most only including fitness related activities, failing to include best practice for nutrition. I will work with the Alton Fire and Rescue Department as a pilot group by administering questionnaires assessing their knowledge of cardiovascular disease, nutrition, and NFPA compliance, as well as a nutrition recall questionnaire to obtain a basis of daily eating habits.

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What therapies are most beneficial for stroke rehabilitation?
Poster Presentation

Mary Elizabeth Ostrander
 

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, strokes are the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. Strokes occur in more than 795,000 U.S. citizens per year and result in 140,000 deaths. Strokes happen when there is a blockage of blood supply to the brain or a blood vessel in the brain region bursts. Symptoms of a stroke include weakness and numbness on one side of the body, as well as affecting speech, language, and vision. The risk of a stroke increases with age, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol levels, and a history of smoking. Traditional methods of stroke rehabilitation include exercises that improve fine motor skills, cognitive function, speech, and range of motion. As technology advances however, new rehabilitative options are becoming more available. Virtual reality exergaming technology is one emerging option for upper extremity functional recovery. A three-dimensional haptic/graphic system called the Virtual Reality Robotic and Optical Operations Machine (VRROOM) is another option to improve fine motor skills and upper extremity strength. These rehabilitation methods and others will be examined to determine the best options available for stroke recovery.

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How does trauma effect the sympathetic nervous system response to stress?
Poster Presentation

Morgan Howlett-Brown
 

How does childhood trauma effect the sympathetic nervous system response to stress?

Childhood trauma can have many effects on the body and brain. It is especially prevalent in the function of the sympathetic nervous system. Since this part of the autonomic nervous system controls fight-or-flight responses, someone who has experienced severe childhood trauma may have skewed perception of stress. It has been found that chronic stress and trauma can reprogram systems that control stress responses to demonstrate hyperactivity. This hyperactivity can produce an altered perception of stress, which in turn may cause extreme reactions to situations such as aggression and violence. Prolonged hyperactivity can also lead to a multitude of health issues, such as an increase in inflammation mediators and high blood pressure.

Connections have also been made between elevated levels of alpha-amylase production in those who have experienced childhood trauma or adversity. This study will examine the linkages of sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity in those that have experienced childhood trauma.

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Community Health Needs and Building Connections in a Rural Area
Poster Presentation

Ashley Haluch
 

The purpose of this work is to address key competencies of public health and assess community needs in a rural area. This work is a partnership between the New England Public Health Training Center and the New Hampshire Public Health Association. Through this project, various educational resources have been developed and presented in a way that is tuned to the Rindge community. Research focuses on identifying barriers in health and introducing intervention methods to overcome these barriers. One major outcome of this project is the encouragement of  students at Franklin Pierce University to build connections with their community. Through connecting, educating, and community organizing, Franklin Pierce Students can learn how they can help their community. Connections between Rindge residents and students  will be strengthened. Students will learn about the importance of community-based health and opportunities to make a difference.

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Interviews with Biochemists
Poster Presentation

Victoria Wellenstein
 

The Students in Biochemistry class (fall 2019) studied the effects and biomedical explanation of how certain diseases happen at the microorganism level. Students were given a choice to do an interview to to write a research paper. This poster will give a brief explain cardiovascular disease along with pieces of the interviews that were conducted by students. Each interview was from a professional in the biochemistry field. They range from doctors to researchers. Each interviewee provided their opinion on many different subjects.

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The Evolution of Archaeological Theory: Native American Projectile Points in the North East
Poster Presentation

Benjamin Heaney
 

The Northeast region of North America was home to multiple Native Americans tribes for thousands of years prior to European contact. They developed their own beliefs, languages, and material culture. Knowledge regarding the lifestyles and details of these cultures has largely been lost to history. Archaeologists try to restore the history of these past cultures through recovering what they have left behind in the material record. One of the most meaningful cultural artifacts left behind by natives are projectile point stone tools. Archaeologists have developed a number of complex theories attempting to explain what these tools are reflecting about a culture. This study examines the theories of various archaeologists over a 40-year period. All are responding and creating separate theories based off of the same artifact patterns within the material record. Each of their theories provides a unique perspective which assigns different meanings and interpretations to the stylistic or crafting choices of a stone tool. These different perspectives can lead to drastically different interpretations of native culture and history. Contrasting these theories, one can see the progression of anthropological and theoretical mind sets from the late 20th century to the present.

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The Effects of Ocean Acidification on Artemia Salina and Calcium Carbonate
Poster Presentation

Samantha Norwood
 

This experiment tests the Impacts of Acid Rain and Ocean Acidification on Macroinvertebrates and Shell Composition. It tests the hypothesis that the more acidic the water level is, the less likely the brine shrimp will survive a prolonged time and there will be a greater decrease in shell mass. Three tanks will be filled with salt water and various pH levels. 7.8, 7 and 6.5. Sea shells will be massed. Brine shrimp eggs (the same number in each tank) and the shells will be placed in the water. The number of surviving shrimp will be counted each day for a week, and the shells will be massed daily. This relates to the theme as in the past hundreds of years, industrialization has had many harsh effects on the environment. One of the lesser publicly known effects of industrialization and climate change is the lowering of pH levels within the ocean. This research hopes to show people how lowering the pH levels of the ocean can affect the living organisms within it.  Additionally, As young college students who wish to become environmental advocates, this is our chance to find our voice and make people aware of the issues within our environment.

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Food Waste on Campus
Poster Presentation

Victoria St. Jean
 

The amount of food wasted by people daily has contributes to carbon emissions that impact Earth. On the Franklin Pierce University Rindge campus, a large amount of students eat three meals a day in the Dining Hall. However, it’s been observed that students do not always finish their meals. Sometimes entire plates of food are emptied into the trash. The FPU Institute for Climate Action sought out to find out how much food is actually wasted on campus. To collect data, Professor Bomba and student Victoria St. Jean set up a weighing station for 1 hour in the dining hall on to weigh any waste students had. No piece of food was left uncounted.

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Analysis of Gastric Cancer Pathway in Mya Arenaria
Poster Presentation

Ella Brownson

This project aims to analyze and bridge the knowledge gap that concerns a specific gastric pathway that occurs in Mya Arenaria, a species of clam. This research directly applies to human oncology research in that a similar pathway has been identified in humans as well. Through genome sequencing and other sequencing analysis, the information gaps surrounding this topic are beginning to close.

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 Elder Abuse: Is it White Collar Crime?
Poster Presentation

Jessica Strack
 

The purpose of this presentation is to define elder abuse, to raise the question of what is white collar crime, and to analyze whether or not elder abuse can be a white collar crime. Elder abuse is a well known and studied social phenomenon.  There are quite a few different types of elder abuse; first, there is physical abuse from those hired to provide aid and care; second, is neglect, which is the active or passive failure to provide appropriate care; third is financial abuse, or the exploitation if an elder's funds; fourth is sexual abuse, which could be hands-on, hands-off, or harmful genital practice; fifth is the failure to report suspected elder abuse by mandated reports; lastly is domestic abuse, which is any of the previously listed abuses instigated by a family relation.  After analyzing and understanding the different types of elder abuse, a question remains.  All of these are crimes, but are they white collar crimes?  The intellectually intriguing aspect of this is that what constitutes a white collar crime is ambiguous and constantly evolving.

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